On September 6, 2017, a coalition of 16 states filed suit against the federal government in response to the Trump administration’s pronouncement that it would revoke the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program established by President Obama. The lawsuit, led by New York State Attorney General Eric Schneiderman and filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, alleges that rescinding DACA unlawfully discriminates against individuals of Mexican national origin, violates the due process rights of DACA grantees, and negatively impacts states’ residents and economies.
DACA was established by the Obama administration in June 2012 via an executive branch memorandum issued by Janet Napolitano, the then–Secretary of Homeland Security. The policy allowed undocumented immigrants who had arrived in the U.S. before the age of 16 and met certain eligibility conditions to apply to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) for work permits and protection from deportation for two years. Immigrants requesting DACA were required to have lived continuously in the U.S. since 2010 and to be currently in school, have a high school diploma or GED, or be an honorably discharged U.S. military veteran. In addition, individuals who had been convicted of a felony, significant misdemeanor, or three or more other misdemeanors, or who USCIS determined would “otherwise pose a threat to national security or public safety,” could not apply for DACA.
Today, there are around 800,000 DACA enrollees—nearly 42,000 of whom live in the state of New York, where they pay approximately $140 million in annual state and local taxes. The Center for American Progress found that 97% of DACA participants are employed or enrolled in school, and studies have shown that instituting DACA has led to improved wages and a boost in workforce participation, reduced the number of undocumented households living below the poverty line, and improved the mental health of undocumented immigrants and their children.