By Leah Kessler and Crismelly Caso
Martin Luther King Jr. Day (or “MLK Day”) is a federal holiday observed on the third Monday of January each year to celebrate the life and achievements of Martin Luther King Jr., an influential American civil rights leader.
Dr. King’s sustained political activism has influenced and improved our country in countless ways, including the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (“CRA”), which in turn created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”)—a federal agency that administers and enforces civil rights laws against workplace discrimination. As a result, in 2017, 84,254 individuals filed charges with the EEOC, seeking legal recourse against employers subjecting them to work environments in which they were demeaned and dehumanized. He was closely involved in the passage of the National Labor Relations Act—which established the right of all workers to form unions and bargain collectively with their employers regarding their working conditions and wages.